新订正的《中华国民共和国档案法》特色

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新订正的《中华国民共和国档案法》特色

时候:2020-12-04   来历:浙江省档案馆   分享到:

2020nian6yue20ri,dishisanjietianxiaguomindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidishijiucijihuibiaojuejingyoujinchengxindingzhengde《zhonghuaguomingongheguodanganfa》(yixiajiancheng“xin《danganfa》”)xindingzhengdedanganfa2021nian1yue1riqishishi。zheishixinshidaiwoguodanganfazhifuzhideyidagongxiao,jiangduiwoguodanganqijichengzhangfashengzhuyaoershenyuandeyingxiang。xin《danganfa》youzhuduoteseheliangdian,jubeihendadeqianjinyisi。

shidaixing

“fayushizhuanzezhi,zhiyushiyizeyougong。”xin《danganfa》yushijujin,fanyingleyihoushehuijingjibeijinghedanganqijichengzhangquxiangjiqiduidanganlifadeqingqiu。

1

lifafangzhenjubeishidaixing

duinidingfangzhen,xin《danganfa》diyitiaoxinzengle“tuidongguoducaochitixihecaochicainenggudaihua”biaoshu,fanyinglexinshidaibeijingxiaguoducaochiduidanganrenwutichudexinqingqiu。2017nian,dangdeshijiudakuada,“bixuduizhihewanmeizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiguizhi,bushituidongguoducaochitixihecaochicainenggudaihua”。2019nian,dangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhuijinyibutichu,“duizhihewanmeizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiguizhi,tuidongguoducaochitixihecaochicainenggudaihua”,“weiwancheng‘lianggeyibainian’douzhengfangzhen、wanchengzhonghuaminzujudahuifudezhongguomenggongjiwulibaozhang”。kejian,tuidongguoducaochitixihecaochicainenggudaihuashixinshidaiguodurenwudezhongdianzhiyi。“danganrenwushidangheguodurenwuzhongbukepinfadegenbenxingrenwu”,dangancaochitixihecaochicainengbuzhishiguoducaochitixihecaochicainengdezhuyaogouchengjubu,yeshiguoducaochitixihecaochicainengdezhuyaochengchihebaozhang。cong“dangancaochi”zhuanxiang“dangancaochi”,shidanganrenwudechengzhangquxiang。xin《danganfa》dezheiyibiaoshu,tuqifanyingletuidongguoducaochitixihecaochicainenggudaihuaduidanganrenwutichudeshidaiqingqiu。

2

falingneirongjubeishidaixing

qishou,xin《danganfa》tedizengshelediwuzhang“danganxinxihuafuzhi”。zheishizheicixiufadeyidaliangdian。jinruxinshijiyilai,genzhexinxishouyidefeisuchengzhanghepubiancaozong,woguoshehuixinxihuashuipingyulaiyugao,keshi,youyuchenfudesiweikanfahejianghuadetixitiliguizhi,danganrenwuxinxihuashuipingjueduizhihouyuquanbushehuidexinxihuashuiping。“danganxinxihuafuzhi”huyingleshehuigejiedehaoling,jiangjinshengdanganxinxihuashuipingzuoweixinshidaidanganrenwudezhongxinyuyitichanghebiaozhun。

qici,xin《danganfa》diershiliutiao,xinzengtediqingqiuchenglijianquantufashiwuyingdagoudangdedangansoujihecaozongjizhi。yinweijingjigoudangdehuanqiuhua、mixinshouyidepangzaxing、tianranhuanjingdenuoruoxing,gudaishehuitufashiwu、weixianbianluanpinsheng。yingdatufashiwu、tingzhiweixiancaochichengweibukendingxingdeshehuichangtai,erdangannenggouweiyingdatufashiwu、tingzhiweixiancaochigongjizhuyaoxinxichengchi。chugeshizai2020nianxinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkongjinchengzhong,woguogejigezhongdanganbufenzidongzuowei、zhudongbulv,dinglizhankaiyiqingfangkongdangandesoujicaochihecaozongbanshi,weiyiqingfangkongzujizhan“huodeyanzhongjimougongxiao”zuochulezhuyaojinxian。xin《danganfa》zheiyitedihuadingzhangxianle“weixianshehui”deshidaiqingqiu。

disan,xin《danganfa》disanshisitiaoduigudongmianlidanganguanzhankaiwenmingjiaodaobanshidehuading,jifanyinglexinshidaibeijingxiatuidongwenmingqiangguofuzhi、zengqiangwenmingziaodeguoduyizhidezhuyaoxing,yebiaoxianlejinruxiaokangshehuihouguomindazhongduijingliwenminghukoudexuyaoyulaiyutuqidekeguanqingqiu。

guominxing

guominxingshizhongguogongchandangyushengjulaidefengzhi。zhongguogongchandangdailingdezhifafuzhi、danganqijifuzhiduizhi“yiguominweizhongjian”“yibaochouben”zhunsheng。

1

baozhangguomincaozongdangandequanli

yuan《danganfa》disantiaohuading:“tongtongguodugouzao、wuzhuangqili、zhengdang、shehuijiti、qiyeqijidanyuanheguomindouyouyanhudangandeyiwu。”erxin《danganfa》diwutiaozaicigenbenshangzengtianle“xiangyouyifacaozongdangandequanli”debiaoshu,jianggouzaohexiaowoyanhudangandeyiwuyucaozongdangandequanlizhiyuhuayizhuyaodeweizhi。zheishizizhonghuaguomingongheguochengliyilaiduiguomincaozongdanganquanlizuimingbai、zuijianjie、zuiwulidehuading,yeshixin《danganfa》guominxingdezuizhuyaobiaoxian。weibaozhangguomincaozongdangandequanli,xin《danganfa》haizaidiershiba、sishibatiaotichu,duibuanhuadingkaifangdangancaozongde,guominnenggoutingzhizanyang,danganzhuguanbufenyingyifayuyichufa。

2

fanyingguominduidangancaochidesuqiu

yishifanyingguominduidanganweiminsuojiandesuqiu。bifang,zuijinjinianlai,shequjiandangrechenzhubudiluo,guomindazhongdanyuanzaijiandangjinchengzhonghuodemixindezhidianhewulidechengchi。weici,xin《danganfa》dibatiaohuading,zhouliguomindangjuyingda“xiacengdazhongxingzizhigouzaodengdedanganrenwushishijianshihezhidian”。dishisantiaohaihuading,“fanyingxiacengdazhongxingzizhigouzaochengxiangshequcaochi、banshigoudangde”ziliao,gaidangguiruguidangguimo。

ershifanyingguominduidanganweiminsuoyongdesuqiu。zheijihebiaoxianyuxin《danganfa》disizhang“dangandecaozonghefabu”。qishou,xin《danganfa》diershiqitiaojiangdanganfengsuoqicongsanshinianxiajiangzhiershiwunian,yibianguomindazhongnenggengzaodicaozongsuoxudangan;chu“xianjiyishanggejidanganguan”bixuyifakaifangdanganyiwai,“guodugudongmianlihechengchiqiyudanganguanxiangshehuikaifangdangan”,fangbianguomindazhongnengcaozonggengduodanganguandedangan。qici,xin《danganfa》diershibatiaoqingqiu,danganguan“jingyoujinchengqiwangzhanhuoqiyutilianqifabukaifangdangandemuci”“zhudongweidangandecaozongdizaoqianti,jianhuashouxu,gongjifangbian”,fuheyihouguomindazhongdangancaozongzaixianhua、fangbianhuadexiqihetese。

sanshifanyingguominduidanganweiminsuoguandesuqiu。jinruxinshidai,guomindazhongdaochangguodushiwucaochi、shehuishiwucaochidezhudongxingdadazengtian。yiyang,daochangdanganshiwucaochidezhudongxingyedadazengtian。xin《danganfa》diqitiaohuading,“guodugudongmianlishehuiqilidaochanghechengchidanganqijidechengzhang”,bianshiduiguomindazhongzheiyisuqiudejianjiehuiying。

kaifangxing

jingyoujinchengyushehuihuanjinghuhuanwuzi、nengyuan、xinxi,danganqijifangnenghuodebaoguandegenbenhechengzhangdenengyuan。xin《danganfa》chongshibiaoxianledanganqijikaifangxingdeqingqiu。

1

mianxiangshehuikaifangdangan

yishiyanzhangdanganfengsuokeri。xin《danganfa》diershiqitiaojiangdanganfengsuokerideyuzhiyoubenlaide“sanshinian”gaicheng“ershiwunian”。danganfengsuoqideshifeijianjiefanyingleyigeguodudedangankaifangshuiping,jubeimubiaoxingyisi。

二是拓展档案开放主体规模。原《档案法》划定档案开放主体是“国度档案馆”,新《档案法》第二十七条将其点窜成“县级以上各级档案馆”,同时新增“国度鼓动勉励和撑持其余档案馆向社会开放档案”的表述,这使得国民无机会走进更多的档案馆。

  sanshikuozhandangankaifangmenleiguimo。yuan《danganfa》huading,“jingji、mixin、shouyi、wenmingdengleidanganxiangshehuikaifangdekeri,nenggoushaoyusanshinian”,xin《danganfa》xinzengle“jiaodao”leidangan,jinyibukuozhanleketizaokaifangdedanganmenlei。

2

mianxiangtianxiakaifangdangan

xin《danganfa》diershibatiaojiang“zhonghuaguomingongheguoguominhegouzaochiyouzhengdangzhengshi,nenggoucaozongyikaifangdedangan”diancuancheng“danyuanhexiaowochiyouzhengdangzhengshi,nenggoucaozongyikaifangdedangan”。zheiyidiancuankuozhanledangancaozongdezhutiguimo,weibenguoguomincaozongwoguodangangongjilefangbian,buzhibiaoxianledanganshirenleipeihedewenmingyichandelinian,yefanyingchuwoguodanganqijikaifang、rongnadechengzhanglinian。xin《danganfa》diertiaojiang“waishi”goudangjianjiegouchengdehanqingjishiguiruledangandeguimo,diliutiaoxinzeng“guodugudongmianlihechengchidanganfanchouzhankaiguojijiaohuanyuxiezuo”debiaoshu,yefanyinglewoguodanganqijimianxiangtianxiadekaifangxingtedian。

liyixing

“liyishiyigeminzuqianjindehunling,shiyigeguoduchangwangfacaidebujienengyuan。”falingyingweiliyigongjibaozhang,biaoxianxianshiliyiqingqiu。

1

siweilinianliyi

xin《danganfa》diyitiaocong“tuidongguoducaochitixihecaochicainenggudaihua”dejiaodudingweigaifanidingfangzhen,chongpoleciqianyouyudanganquandeshixianguimo。disanshisitiaogudongmianlidanganguanzhankaiwenmingxuanyangjiaodaogoudang,gengshicong“zengqiangwenmingziao”degaodushuxidangandedaijia。zheixiedoubiaoxianlesiweilinianliyi。

2

guizhishexiangliyi

xin《danganfa》zhongdezhuduoguizhishexiangjubeijiaoqiangdeliyixing、zhenduixing。xin《danganfa》dijiutiaochucitichu,“zhongjianguodugouzaoanzhaodangancaochixuyao,tuizhizeguimoneizhidianbentixidedanganyingyerenwu。”duidanganyingyerenwu,zaiyuanbendehengxiang“shudicaochi”zhunshengshangzengtianlezongxiang“tixicaochi”zhunsheng,goucheng“tiaokuailianxi”decaochikuanshi,zheiyouyiyuzengqiangduizhurukeji、haiguan、caizheng、shuiwu、shenji、renshidengzhuanyexinghenqiangdetixi、bufendanganyingyerenwudejianshihezhidian。xin《danganfa》dishiertiaochucitichu“chenglidanganrenwuyiwuzhi”,bingxinzengdiliuzhang“jianshichachao”、tuozhandiqizhang“falingyiwu”,zheijishiduiguizhideqianghua,youshiduiguizhideliyi。

xin《danganfa》zhenduixianshirenwuzhongdehanjiankunnan,tichulexiangyingguizhichuzhijihua。bifang,zhenduiyixiedanganguanbuyuanlingshoudangandehuanjing,xin《danganfa》dishiwutiaoxinzeng“danganguanbudexiejuelingshou”huading;zhenduiyixiedanganguanbuyuankaifangdangandehuanjing,xin《danganfa》diershibatiaoxinzeng“danganguanbuanhuadingkaifangcaozongde,danyuanhexiaowonenggouxiangdanganzhuguanbufenzanyang,jiedaozanyangdedanganzhuguanbufengaidangshishichaxunbaifangchuzhibingjiangchuzhichengguofenggaozanyangren”dehuading。youru,nangxiyinweiguanzangdangankaifangkaohedeyiwuzhutibumingbaierzhishihenduodanganmeifashishikaifang,weici,xin《danganfa》disanshitiaomingbailedanganguanhedangangouchengdanyuanhuoyijiaodanyuandekaifangkaoheyiwuyufashi,youyiyujinbudangankaifangkaohexiaoli。zairu,ciqianyixiebufencaozong《dangjuxinxigongrantiaoli》huadingdedangjugongrankerihe《danganfa》huadingdedangankaifangkeridedichu,jingyoujinchengxiangdanganguantizaoyijiaodangan,yiduobidangjuxinxigongranyiwu。weici,xin《danganfa》dishiwutiaochugehuading,“jingdanganguanzancheng,tizaojiangdanganjiaodanganguanbaoguande,zaiguoduhuadingdeyijiaokerijiemanqian,gaidangansuochujidangjuxinxigongranshibianrengyouyuanjianzaohuobaoguandangjuxinxidedanyuancaochi。yijiaokerijiemande,chujidangjuxinxigongranshibiandedangananzhaodangancaozonghuadingcaochi”,congertianbulezheiyiguizhifengxi。shangshuguizhishexiangdeliyi,jiangjidadizengjindanganrenwudeliyichengzhang。

3

yingyeneirongliyi

xin《danganfa》zaidanganyingyerenwuneirongfangmiandeliyi,qishoujihebiaoxianyuxinzengdediwuzhang“danganxinxihuafuzhi”。gaizhangxianshishangshijiangdanganxinxihuafuzhishiweiyihouhejianglaiyiduanshidaidanganrenwudezhongxin。qici,xin《danganfa》duidanganrenwudejianshihezhidiantichulehenduoxinqingqiu,bifangdishiertiao、dishisantiao、dishiliutiao、diershisitiao、diershiliutiaodeng,bieliduidanganrenwuyiwuzhi、guidangguimo、jigoubianhuashidedangancaochi、danganwaibaobanshi、tufashiwuyingdagoudangdangancaochijizhidengzuochulehuading,youyiyuzengjindanganyingyerenwuneirongliyi。

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